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Publication Details

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The Mesophotic, Coral Reef-Associated, Marine Algal Flora of Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea

Author(s): Ballantine, David L.; Hector Ruiz Torres; Nilda E. Aponte


Name of Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press

Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.

Publication Type: Book

Date of Publication: 2016

Reference Information: 41 pp.

Keywords: deepwater algae; mesophotic; Puerto Rico; tropical west Atlantic; Caribbean Sea; algae; Deep-CRES

Abstract: Deepwater open-circuit scuba, dredging, submersible,and technical mixed-gas (closed-circuit) rebreather diving collections of marine benthic algae made over the last approximately 30 years in Puerto Rico are summarized in this account. In total, 186 taxa (166 identified to species) comprising 60% Rhodophyta, 11% Phaeophyceae, and 29% Chlorophyta are reported from depths greater than 35 m. Eighty-nine of these (56% of taxa identified to species) from the Puerto Rican mesophotic are thought to be the deepest known distributional records for the species recognized. Forty-three species (8% of the entire benthic flora of Puerto Rico) are mostly or entirely restricted to depths greater than 35 m. KEYWORDS: deepwater algae, mesophotic, Puerto Rico, tropical west Atlantic.

Availability: Available from NCCOS Publications Explorer and from the publisher.

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